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电子烟吸多,会导致爆米花肺!

电子烟近年成为戒烟好帮手,路上也随时看到它的身影,由于传统香烟可能造成肺癌、喉头癌等,大家便开始以电子烟取代之。

不过电子烟的伤害就比较小吗?台湾毒理专家招名威直呼:其实未必!电子烟里的丁二酮若过量,会造成接触性皮肤炎、落发,甚至是「爆米花肺」的阻塞性肺炎,而且吸多真会上瘾,并非广告上说的戒烟好朋友。

招名威表示,电子烟虽然不燃烧,也不会释放危害物质「焦油」,但不代表就是健康的。

根据WHO的定义,电子烟是一种不靠燃烧,也不含烟草成分的雾化器具,透过锂电池供电,加热电子液体(纯加热不燃烧),驱动雾化器后,将尼古丁、甲醛、丙二醇、甘油、二甘醇和其它化学品所组成的混合物进行汽化,产生「蒸气」,以供使用者吸入。

先前国外研究结果提出警告,电子烟中添加了约莫8,000种的化物、人工调味剂和香料,最常见的口味是茉莉、乌龙、大西瓜。

招名威强调,适量使用才不会对身体造成严重危害,调味剂中含有「丁二酮」,若过量的话会造成接触性皮肤炎、落发、知觉异常、肾脏损害及肝脏异常,甚至是「爆米花肺」的阻塞性肺炎。

此外,招名威还表示,电子烟所产生的烟雾,毫无疑问都是PM2.5微粒,但不同于香烟的是,电子烟的PM2.5含有超量的大魔王尼古丁、调味剂和甲醛,吸多真的会上瘾,绝不是广告上说的戒烟好朋友。电子烟与香烟都会造成肺部病变,使心脏病发机率倍增,并阻碍内分泌系统和脑部发展,使思虑变得迟钝。

研究发现,电子烟比香烟更容易破坏室内的空气品质,只要有人在室内抽电子烟,室内空气立刻测得大量的丙二醇、甘油、尼古丁等物,同时也伴随高浓度的PM2.5微粒(平均值197 ug/m3),远超过室内空气品质标准(35 ug/m3)。

招名威说,电子烟虽然没有传统烟吵得那么沸沸扬扬,但两者都会产生PM2.5,只是成份来源不同而已,且若过量使用电子烟,仍会造成肺部病变。

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4 thoughts on “电子烟吸多,会导致爆米花肺!

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